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Geffen Records was started by David Geffen in 1980; its first release was the last album by John Lennon, “Double Fantasy.” It was distributed by Warner Bros. Records until 1991, when David Geffen sold the label to MCA Records. Geffen also distributed the first incarnation of Rick Rubin’s Def American Recordings through Warner Bros. Records from 1988 to 1990. At the time of its sale, it was the world’s largest independent label to have major-label distribution. In 1999, after the merger between MCA and PolyGram, which created the Universal Music Group, Geffen became a subsidiary of Interscope/Universal Records and was absorbed into the Geffen-A&M-Interscope division of the Universal MUSIC Group. In 2003, Geffen Records absorbed the entire MCA Records catalog and roster when the MCA name was retired.