The Capitol Records company was founded by the songwriters Johnny Mercer, Buddy DeSylva and record store owner Glenn Wallichs on April 9, 1942 in hollywood, California. By 1946 Capitol had sold 42 million records and was established as one of the Big Six studios.
In 1955, the British record company EMI acquired Capitol Records for .5 million. In 1979, Capitol was made part of the EMI Music Worldwide division. In 2001, EMI merged Capitol Records label with the Priority Records label. In September 2012 Capitol Records was purchased by Universal Music Group.
The earliest recording artists included co-owner Mercer, Whiteman, Tilton, Morse, Margaret Whiting, Jo Stafford, the Pied Pipers, and Paul Weston and His Orchestra. Capitol's first gold single was Morse's "Cow Cow Boogie" in 1942. Capitol's first album was Capitol Presents Songs By Johnny Mercer, a three 78-rpm disc set with recordings by Mercer, Stafford, and the Pied Pipers, all with Paul Weston's Orchestra. Capitol released a few classical albums in the 1940's, some of which featured a heavily embossed, leather-like cover. These recordings initially appeared in the 78 rpm format and were then released on LPs (33 1/3 rpm) in 1949. Among the recordings was a unique performance from Brazilian composer Heitor Villa-Lobos' Choros No. 10, with contributions from a Los Angeles choral group and the Janssen Symphony Orchestra (1940–1952), conducted by Werner Janssen; Symphony No. 3 by Russian composer Reinhold Moritzovich Glière; and César Franck's Symphony in D minor, with Willem Mengelberg and the Concertgebouw Orchestra.
Capitol Records is home to a broad array of artists including The Beatles, Pink Floyd, Coldplay, Katy Perry, Emeli Sandé, Conor Maynard, Ryan Adams, Beastie Boys, Tristan Prettyman, Depeche Mode, Kylie Minogue, Bob Seger, The Decemberists, Graffiti6, Michael Franti, Colin Munroe, Corinne Bailey Rae, david guetta, The Beach Boys, and many more.
Parent Label : Universal Music Group
Sublabels : 123, Avatar Records (8), Blockbuster Summer Series, Bug, Bust It Records, Capitol Collectors Series, Capitol Custom, Capitol Gold Cuts, Capitol International Series, Capitol Jax, Capitol Jazz, Capitol Jazz Classics, Capitol Of The World, Capitol Record Club, Capitol Records Nashville, Capitol Special Markets, Capitol Video, CEMA Special Markets, Crazy Horse, Creative Products, EMI-Capitol Music Special Markets, EMI-Capitol Special Markets, EMI-Manhattan Records, Freeworld Entertainment, From The Capitol Vaults, Full Dimensional Sound, Media Music, Media Music The Professional, Metro Blue, Number One Records, Pacific Jazz Records, Priority Records, SBK Records, Shelter Recording Company Inc., The "6000" Series, The Hot Biscuit Disc Company, The Right Stuff, Tower, Two On One (5), World Domination Recordings, World Pacific.