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Styles  >> Trip-Hop



Trip hop is a genre of electronic music that originated in the early 1990s in the United Kingdom, especially Bristol. Deriving from "post"-acid house, the term was first used by the British music media and press as a way to describe the more experimental variant of breakbeat which contained influences of soul, funk and jazz. It has been described as "Europe's alternative choice in the second half of the '90s", and "a fusion of hip hop and electronica until neither genre is recognisable." Trip hop music fuses several styles and has much in common with other genres; it has several qualities similar to ambient music and its drum-based breakdowns share characteristics with hip hop. It also contains elements of R&B, dub and house, as well as other electronic music. Trip hop can be highly experimental in nature.

Trip hop originated in and around the city of Bristol during a time when American hip hop, dance and house music had begun to increase in popularity. According to Merriam-Webster's Dictionary, the term "trip-hop" was coined in 1989, though its earliest use in print was in June 1994; Andy Pemberton, a music journalist writing for Mixmag, used it to describe Mo Wax Records Artist (U.K) R.P.M and (American) DJ Shadow's "In/Flux" single.
In Bristol, once one of the most important ports in the Atlantic slave-trade and as of 2012 among Britain's most racially diverse cities, hip hop began to seep into the consciousness of a subculture already well-schooled in Jamaican forms of music. DJs, MCs, b-boys and graffiti artists grouped together into informal soundsystems. Like the pioneering Bronx crews of DJs Kool Herc, Afrika Bambataa and Grandmaster Flash, the soundsystems provided party music for public spaces, often in the economically deprived council estates from which some of their members originated. Bristol's soundsystem DJs, drawing heavily on Jamaican dub music, typically used a laid-back, slow and heavy drum beat ("down tempo").


Trip-Hop ist ein elektronischer Musikstil, für den langsame, dem Hip-Hop ähnliche, Rhythmen charakteristisch sind (meist zwischen 80 und 90 BPM). Die Stücke enthalten oft Samples oder Gesang. Trip-Hop entstand Anfang der 1990er in der Region um die englische Stadt Bristol und wurde daher auch Bristol Sound genannt.

Trip-Hop wird aufgrund seiner langsamen Tempi und atmosphärischen Klangflächen oft als introvertiert oder melancholisch empfunden. Oft wird mit Low-Fidelity-Effekten, wie dem Knistern von Vinylplatten, gearbeitet. Instrumentale Trip-Hop-Stücke werden von vielen zur klaren Abgrenzung nicht mehr als Trip-Hop, sondern als Downbeat bezeichnet. Andernorts dient der Begriff Downbeat jedoch als übergeordnete Kategorie oder Sammelbegriff für verschiedene Stilrichtungen, zu denen auch Trip-Hop gehört.


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