The Radio Corporation of America, known commonly as RCA, was formed in 1919 after General Electric bought the radio company American Marconi. RCA was a publicly held company and GE had controlling interest.
RCA formed the subsidiary RCA Victor in 1929 after the purchase of the Victor Talking Machine Company. Victor was both a record label and a record player manufacturer. While manufacturing began under the RCA Victor name, it wouldn't be until 1945 that records would begin to appear with the RCA Victor name and logo. Before that, Victor continued to be used as the name of the label.
RCA Victor unveiled the first electronic turntable in 1930. They also began building record players with radios built into the units. The name RCA Victor made its debut on record labels in 1945. The famous Victor logo, with Nipper the Dog listening to a record player, remained. The focus of the label did not change. RCA Victor continued to release popular music with its black label while classical recordings were released on the RCA Victor Red Seal series.
RCA Victor began experimenting with stereophonic recordings in 1953, following the lead of Audio Fidelity Records and Pye Records. The label's first stereo release was Hector Berlioz's The Damnation of Faust, with Charles Munch conducting the Boston Symphony Orchestra. As became standard practice for some time, the performance was recorded with both stereo and monophonic equipment.
The destruction of the Camden warehouse was more than symbolic, it meant the physical destruction of ties to the old Victor Talking Machine Company. In 1929, when Victor was purchased, Victor was the biggest record label in America. RCA merged its name with Victor and adopted its logo, but as the years went on RCA seemed to want to put more and more emphasis on the RCA-ness of RCA Victor. In 1945, RCA Victor began to appear on records, rather than just Victor.
RCA Victor redesigned the labels they printed for their records in 1969. Nipper the Dog was gone, a new RCA logo was in place and Victor appeared in simple lettering on a separate part of the label.
A lot of changes occurred in terms of ownership during the Eighties and Nineties. General Electric bought RCA in 1985, then sold the record division to Bertelsmann, who promptly formed the Bertelsmann Music Group, aka BMG. BMG brought back the lightning bolt logo that had disappeared in 1969 for RCA Records. BMG tuned RCA Records' focus on pop and rock releases. RCA Victor was used to cover essentially any style of music that RCA Records wasn't covering, meaning anything not considered pop and/or rock. In 2004, BMG merged with Sony to become Sony-BMG Music Entertainment, who continue to use RCA Victor in a limited role.