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Jazz:
Jazz is a music genre that originated at the beginning of the 20th century, arguably earlier, within the African-American communities of the Southern United States. Its roots lie in the combining by African-Americans of certain European harmony and form elements, with their existing African-based music. Its African musical basis is evident in its use of blue notes, improvisation, polyrhythms, syncopation and the swung note. From its early development until the present day, jazz has also incorporated elements from popular music especially, in its early days, from American popular music.
As the music has developed and spread around the world it has, since its early American beginnings, drawn on many different national, regional and local musical cultures, giving rise to many distinctive styles: New Orleans jazz dating from the early 1910s, big band swing, Kansas City jazz and Gypsy jazz from the 1930s and 1940s, bebop from the mid-1940s on down through Afro-Cuban jazz, West Coast jazz, ska jazz, cool jazz, Indo jazz, avant-garde jazz, soul jazz, modal jazz, chamber jazz, free jazz, Latin jazz in various forms, smooth jazz, jazz fusion and jazz rock, jazz funk, loft jazz, punk jazz, acid jazz, ethno jazz, jazz rap, cyber jazz, M-Base, nu jazz and other ways of playing the music.
Louis Armstrong, one of the most famous musicians in jazz, said to Bing Crosby on the latter's radio show, "Ah, swing, well, we used to call it syncopation, then they called it ragtime, then blues, then jazz. Now, it's swing. White folks - yo'all sho is a mess!"
In a 1988 interview, trombonist J. J. Johnson said, "Jazz is restless. It won't stay put and it never will".

Jazz spans a range of music from ragtime to the present day—a period of over 100 years—and has proved to be very difficult to define. Attempts have been made to define jazz from the perspective of other musical traditions—using the point of view of European music history or African music for example—but critic Joachim-Ernst Berendt argues that its terms of reference and its definition should be broader. Berendt defines jazz as a "form of art music which originated in the United States through the confrontation of the Negro with European music" and argues that it differs from European music in that jazz has a "special relationship to time defined as 'swing'", involves "a spontaneity and vitality of musical production in which improvisation plays a role" and contains a "sonority and manner of phrasing which mirror the individuality of the performing jazz musician".

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jazz

Jazz:
Jazz (Aussprache oder ist eine ungefähr um 1900 in den Südstaaten der USA entstandene, ursprünglich überwiegend von Afroamerikanern hervorgebrachte Musikrichtung, die in vielfältiger Weise weiterentwickelt wurde, häufig im Crossover mit anderen Musiktraditionen und Genres. Mittlerweile werden auch Musikformen zum Jazz gezählt, die oft nur lose oder kaum noch mit der afroamerikanischen Tradition verbunden sind.
Der Jazz wird im Hinblick auf seine künstlerische Bedeutung häufig als amerikanisches Pendant zur klassischen europäischen Musik verstanden. Darüber hinaus hat er nahezu allen anderen Sparten der Musik, von Pop bis Folk, neue Möglichkeiten eröffnet.

Der Jazz greift auf ein überwiegend europäisches Tonsystem zurück und verwendet europäische Melodik und Harmonik, musikalische Formen (zum Beispiel Songform), sowie europäische Instrumente (Blasinstrumente, Klavier, Gitarre, Kontrabass, große und kleine Trommel, Becken). Diese aus Europa stammenden Bestandteile werden im Jazz jedoch auf eigene Weise genutzt. Zentral ist eine besondere, auf Bewegungsgefühl bezogene Rhythmik (Swing, Groove), intensive, spontane Interaktion (u. a. Call and Response) und eine am vokalen Ausdruck orientierte Tonbildung. Diese Elemente, insbesondere die Rhythmik, lassen sich auf das Musikempfinden afrikanischer Musikkulturen zurückführen.

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jazz


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sun ra & his arkestra lost arkestra vol.2

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