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Breakbeat:
Breakbeat (sometimes breaks or breakbeats) can refer to two distinct but related things: It is both an electronic music genre and the distinct percussive rhythm from which this genre takes its name, usually characterized by the use of a non-straightened (percussion instruments do not play directly on beat) 4/4 drum pattern (as opposed to the steady beat of house, techno and trance). These rhythms may be characterized by their intensive use of syncopation and polyrhythms. Both meanings are closely connected to hip hop and b-boying (breakdance).
As a musical device, breakbeats have been known and used for almost a hundred years, but the name and modern meaning of the term traces its origins to the rise of hip hop in the United States in the 1970s. The eponymous electronic music genre is widely regarded as a derivative of the United Kingdom's early rave music, where breakbeats were added to the music to form what became known as breakbeat hardcore. However, breakbeats had been used by American hip hop DJs and turntablists in instrumental sets well before the advent of rave in the UK, and it could be argued that the two scenes developed in parallel.
Today, breakbeat lives on in the form of strong regional scenes in the US and UK. Breakbeats are frequently used in the production of such diverse music genres as hip hop, jungle or drum and bass, hardcore, UK garage (including 2-step, breakstep and dubstep) and even pop and rock. Since the 1990s, breakbeat has been used extensively as background music to TV adverts as well as in action film soundtracks, especially in the form of big beat.

The most likely origin of the word "breakbeat" is the fact that the drum loops that were sampled occurred during a "break" in the music. However, it is a common thought that the name derives from the beat being "broken" and unpredictable compared to other percussive styles, something which is also reflected in the name of the related genre broken beat. Whether this was part of the original meaning of the word or is purely a folksonomy remains unclear, but it is safe to say that the term has evolved to encompass both sentiments.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breakbeat

Breakbeat:
Ein Breakbeat ist ein Rhythmus, der in der elektronischen Musik verwendet wird.
Dabei werden Ausschnitte echter Schlagzeugrhythmen (Samples), die meist aus Breaks von Funkliedern stammen, als Loop abgespielt. Oft werden dabei auch mehrere Aufnahmen in Bruchteile von Takten oder in lange Ausschnitte zerhackt und in veränderter Abfolge übereinander gelegt (Slicing). Besonders in Jungle-Produktionen wird die Abspielgeschwindigkeit drastisch erhöht und die Samples werden mit zahlreichen Effekten versehen.
Seinen Ursprung hat der Breakbeat im New York der 70er-Jahre. In einer Disco mixte Kool DJ Herc zwei als Schlagzeugsoli angelegte Breaks nahtlos ineinander. Dieses Experiment war die Wurzel von Hip-Hop, Drum and Bass und dem, was heute unter Breakbeat verstanden wird.
Als Breakbeat werden auch die musikalischen Genres bezeichnet, in denen diese Art von Rhythmen zum Einsatz kommen. Oftmals wird die Bezeichnung implizit als Oberbegriff für Stilrichtungen wie Drum and Bass, Jungle, Hardcore, 2 Step und teilweise auch Big Beat verwendet. Sie tritt aber auch explizit wie beim Breakcore in Erscheinung.
Zu den beliebtesten Breakbeats zählen der Amen- und der Funky Drummer-Break, die beide in tausenden von Tracks verwendet wurden, insbesondere im Drum and Bass.
Als Innovationszentrum moderner Breakbeatmusik gilt die Stadt London.

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breakbeat







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