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Styles  >> Heavy Metal



Heavy Metal:
Traditional heavy metal, also known as classic metal or simply heavy metal, is the seminal genre of heavy metal music before the genre "evolved and splintered into many different styles and subgenres.

The short, original, and proper term for this genre is "heavy metal", but as Michka Assayas notes in his Dictionary of Rock, the term "heavy metal" may sometimes be used in different senses. While the term can refer to the seminal style, it also can be used as a large umbrella term for any derivative subgenres. Hence the term "traditional heavy metal" or "classic heavy metal" may be employed to avoid confusion with the larger sense. In order to avoid the potential ambiguity others, like Sharpe Young, use the term "heavy metal" exclusively to refer to original genre and use the term "metal" instead to refer to the global genre including subgenres. Similarly, Paul Du Noyer also uses the term heavy metal to refer to the original style exclusively.
Assayas points out another ambiguity of the term "heavy metal" and notes that in certain context some may consider it synonymous with hard rock (most particularly in the USA) while others consider these to be distinct genres. The former view is supported by authors including Ian Christe and Robert Walser. Christe regards hard rock bands like AC/DC, Queen, Led Zeppelin or Deep Purple as heavy metal in the original sense. In contrast others, including Garry Sharpe-Young and Paul Dunoyer's music encyclopedia reject this label for these bands. Sharpe-Young, Rob Halford and Sam Dunn trace the origin of this genre to Black Sabbath exclusively, with a style characterized by the dropping of the genre's blues roots. Rob Halford argues:
"Black Sabbath absolutely invented heavy metal. I've read a lot of essays and such like about tracing it all back further and further. It's as though these writers want to claim the source, a bit like Dr. Livingstone and the source of the Nile. But as a purist metal musician, I can tell you— it's Black Sabbath."


Heavy Metal:
Heavy Metal (engl. ‚Schwermetall‘) ist eine Stilrichtung der Rockmusik, deren Ursprünge im Hard Rock, Bluesrock und Psychedelic Rock liegen.
Bedingt durch kontinuierliche Weiterentwicklung und die teilweise Verschmelzung mit anderen Musikstilen wird die Bezeichnung Heavy Metal szeneintern hauptsächlich für an die traditionellen Spielarten der 1970er und 1980ern angelehnten Varianten verwendet; als Überbegriff der verschiedenen Subgenres wird der verkürzte Begriff Metal benutzt.
Bands, die den ursprünglichen Heavy Metal von äußeren Einflüssen abschirmen wollen, werden oftmals dem True Metal zugeordnet, ein Begriff, der zuerst von Manowar propagiert wurde. Jedoch rekrutieren sich dessen Vertreter nicht ausschließlich aus dem Heavy Metal, sondern auch aus anderen Metal-Stilen, vor allem dem Power Metal.

Die Herkunft des Ausdrucks Heavy Metal im musikalischen Kontext ist nicht bekannt. Eine frühe Verwendung im populärkulturellen Kontext findet sich 1962 im Roman The Soft Machine des Gegenkulturautors William S. Burroughs mit der Figur Uranian Willy, the Heavy Metal Kid. In seinem nächsten Buch Nova Express von 1964 entwickelte er heavy metal weiter als Metapher für Suchtmittel.


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