Styles >> Grunge
Grunge (sometimes referred to as the Seattle sound) is a subgenre of alternative rock that emerged during the mid-1980s in the American state of Washington, particularly in the Seattle area. Inspired by hardcore punk, heavy metal, and alternative rock, grunge is generally characterized by heavily distorted electric guitars, contrasting song dynamics, "growling" vocals and apathetic or angst-filled lyrics. The grunge aesthetic is stripped-down compared with other forms of rock music, and many grunge musicians were noted for their unkempt appearances and rejection of theatrics.
The early grunge movement coalesced around Seattle independent record label Sub Pop in the late 1980s. Grunge became commercially successful in the first half of the 1990s, due mainly to the release of Nirvana's Nevermind and Pearl Jam's Ten. The success of these bands boosted the popularity of alternative rock and made grunge the most popular form of hard rock music at the time. Although most grunge bands had disbanded or faded from view by the late 1990s, their influence continues to affect modern rock music.
Grunge is generally characterized by a sludgy guitar sound that uses a high level of distortion, fuzz and feedback effects. Grunge fuses elements of hardcore punk and heavy metal, although some bands performed with more emphasis on one or the other. The music shares with punk a raw sound and similar lyrical concerns. However, it also involves much slower tempos, dissonant harmonies, and more complex instrumentation—which is reminiscent of heavy metal. Lyrics are typically angst-filled, often addressing themes such as social alienation, apathy, confinement, and a desire for freedom.
Grunge bands had made inroads to the musical mainstream in the late 1980s. Soundgarden was the first grunge band to sign to a major label when they joined the roster of A&M Records in 1989. A number of factors contributed to grunge's decline in prominence. During the mid-1990s many grunge bands broke up or became less visible. Nirvana's Kurt Cobain, labeled by Time as "the John Lennon of the swinging Northwest," appeared "unusually tortured by success" and struggled with an addiction to heroin before he committed suicide at the age of 27 in 1994.
Grunge (deutsch: ‚Schmuddel‘, ‚Dreck‘) ist ein seit etwa Anfang der 1990er-Jahre populärer Musikstil, dessen Ursprünge und Anfänge in der US-amerikanischen Undergroundbewegung lagen. Grunge wurde auch als „Seattle-Sound“ bezeichnet und wird oft als eine Vermischung von Punkrock und Heavy Metal angesehen.
Der „Grunge-Sound“ beruht hauptsächlich auf dem Gitarrensound des Hard Rocks der 1970er-Jahre (deutlicher Einfluss zum Beispiel bei Pearl Jam) und der Ästhetik und den Lyrics des Punkrocks. Während sich einige der Bands mehr in Richtung Metal (Soundgarden, Alice in Chains) bewegten und andere sich mehr dem Punkrock-Einfluss (Nirvana, Mudhoney, 7 Year Bitch) verschrieben hatten, so war tatsächlich bei allen Grunge-Bands aus Seattle der charakteristische „Seattle-Sound“ aufzufinden.